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The Establishment of the Qing Manchurian Empire and the History of the Tungus Jurchens Nurhaci Han

The Qing flag and the Asian Hun flag are similar in symbols. The Qing Dynasty, which ruled the lands of China for 268 years, is based on the Tunguses in the north of China. Tunguses are from tribes related to Turks and Mongols. They have similar lifestyles, war tactics and cultural values ​​with the steppe peoples in Asia. Tunguses established various states and tribal confederations in history before the Qing. An example of this is the Kin/Jinn Dynasty (1115-1234), which was established in northern China. There are various claims and research results about naming them Tungus.

*) Turks in Central Asia were against the eating of pork. It is claimed that this tribe was called Tungus because they ate pork and hunted pigs.*) It is claimed that it emerged from the word donki=folk in tribes living in Siberia.*) It is also claimed as the name given by the Yakuts to humiliate the peoples who are not among them.*) It is thought that the name Curchen probably means gold.The 1000 and 100 military system they use in their armies is similar to the 10 system, the turan tactic, post-war booty sharing, their expertise in mounted archery in wars, the culture of hospitality, the shamanistic beliefs and traditions they adopted at first, the absence of social class and hunting skills, the sacrificing after the dead. performing rituals similar to the yuğ ceremony in Turks, etc. have common similarities with many Turks and other Ural-Altaic communities.Nurhaci, the founder of the Great Qing Empire, was born in 1559. At an early age, he learned Mandarin Chinese, the official language of the courts. He learned Chinese novels and stories. He became the leader of the Jianzhou Ruzhen when he was 20 years old when his father and grandfather were killed while fighting the tribes supported by Ming(China). He prevented the division of Jianzhou by defeating his Chinese-backed enemy, Nikan Wailan (1586). After conquering the lands controlled by the Ming in Manchu and cutting off the Ming aid to the enemy tribes, as a result of the wars and alliances, he united the tribes in the entire Manchuria region and formed the Manchu culture and the Manchu Alphabet belonging to the Ural-Altaic language family, which was formed by the combination of Mongolian, Tungusic and Chinese. He established the Eight Banner Army in Manchuria and declared himself Khan. They started to attack Ming (China) and Joseon (Korea) with the Eight Banner Army. In some historical sources, there is information that they crossed the Great Wall of China by bribing a Mingli officer. The fact that they gain superiority against Ming has an effect on the internal turmoil within Ming. The Manchus were influenced and adopted by Buddhism in time. With the conquest of Liaoyang, this place was declared the capital. Then, with the conquest of Mukden, the capital was changed again. Nurhaci Han was wounded while leading the offensive against the Ming during the Battle of Ningyuan in 1626, and later died, and his son Hong Taiji was proclaimed the new Han. After the rebellion in Beijing, the rebels took the city and the Ming Emperor committed suicide. Taking advantage of this event, the Manchus conquered Beijing, the capital of the Ming, in 1644 and made it their own capital. Hong Taiji Han proclaimed the name of his country as the Great Qing. Although an offer was sent to the Joseon dynasty, which ruled in Korea, to join the Great Qing without a war, the Joseon dynasty in Korea rejected the offer because it was loyal to the Ming, and was later invaded and defeated by the Manchus. With continued conquests, the Great Qing turned into a gigantic Empire that made its borders the widest in China. Until 1912, it ruled many nations under one roof. His army consisted of troops of different nationalities. The Qing army, initially mostly nomadic cavalry, gradually adopted the Chinese army system. Although an offer was sent to the Joseon dynasty, which ruled in Korea, to join the Great Qing without a war, the Joseon dynasty in Korea rejected the offer because it was loyal to the Ming, and was later invaded and defeated by the Manchus. With continued conquests, the Great Qing turned into a gigantic Empire that made its borders the widest in China. Until 1912, it ruled many nations under one roof. His army consisted of troops of different nationalities. The Qing army, initially mostly nomadic cavalry, gradually adopted the Chinese army system. Although an offer was sent to the Joseon dynasty, which ruled in Korea, to join the Great Qing without a war, the Joseon dynasty in Korea rejected the offer because it was loyal to the Ming, and was later invaded and defeated by the Manchus. With continued conquests, the Great Qing turned into a gigantic Empire that made its borders the widest in China. Until 1912, it ruled many nations under one roof. His army consisted of troops of different nationalities. The Qing army, initially mostly nomadic cavalry, gradually adopted the Chinese army system. With continued conquests, the Great Qing turned into a gigantic Empire that made its borders the widest in China. Until 1912, it ruled many nations under one roof. His army consisted of troops of different nationalities. The Qing army, initially mostly nomadic cavalry, gradually adopted the Chinese army system. With continued conquests, the Great Qing turned into a gigantic Empire that made its borders the widest in China. Until 1912, it ruled many nations under one roof. His army consisted of troops of different nationalities. The Qing army, initially mostly nomadic cavalry, gradually adopted the Chinese army system.

I suggest you watch the movie: The Fortress (2017), which is about the Korean conquest of the Qing Empire.

Sources: The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China- by Mark C. Elliott

EBERHARD, Wolfram: China’s Neighbors to the North

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